Peer-Reviewed Research Publications

Spiker, D. A., & Hammer, J. H. (in press). Mental health literacy as theory: Current challenges and future directions. Journal of Mental Health. DOI and PDF coming soon.

Kivlighan, D. M., III, Jung, A. K., Berkowitz, A., Hammer, J. H., Collins, N. M. (in press) ‘To show or no-show’? Therapist racial/ethnic disparities in clients’ nonattendance in therapy. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy. doi: 10.1080/87568225.2018.1424597 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., Heath, P. J., & Vogel, D. L. (in press). Fate of the total score: Dimensionality of the Conformity to Masculine Role Norms Inventory (CMNI-46). Psychology of Men & Masculinity. DOI forthcoming. *PDF* >Video Explanation<

Hammer, J. H., & Spiker, D. A. (in press). Dimensionality, reliability, and predictive evidence of validity for three help seeking intention instruments: ISCI, GHSQ, and MHSIS. Journal of Counseling Psychology. DOI forthcoming. *PDF*
Note: Learn more about the Mental Help Seeking Intention Scale (MHSIS).

Hammer, J. H., & McDermott, R. C., Levant, R. F., & McKelvey, D. K. (in press). Dimensionality, Reliability, and Validity of the Gender Role Conflict Scale – Short Form (GRCS-SF). Psychology of Men & Masculinity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/men0000131g *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Lazar, A. (in press). Internal Structure and criterion relationships for long and brief versions of the Intratextual Fundamentalism Scale (IFS) among Israeli Jews. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. DOI forthcoming *PDF*

Parnell, K. J. & Hammer, J. H. (in press). Deciding on couple therapy: The role of masculinity in relationship help-seeking. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. doi: 10.1037/men0000098 *PDF*

Singley, D. B., Cole, B. P., Hammer, J. H., Molloy, S., Rowell, A., & Isaaco, A. (in press). Development and psychometric evaluation of the Paternal Involvement with Infants Scale. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. doi: 10.1037/men0000094 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Parent, M. C., & Spiker, D. A. (2018). Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS): Development, reliability, validity, and comparison with the ATSSPH-SF and IASMHS-PO. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65, 74-85. doi: 10.1037/cou0000248 *PDF*
Note: Learn more about the Mental Help Seeking Attitudes Scale (MHSAS).

Parent, M. C., Hammer, J. H., Bradstreet, T. C., Schwartz, E. N, Jobe, T. (2018). Men’s mental health help-seeking behaviors: An intersectional analysis. American Journal of Men’s Health, 12, 64-73. doi: 10.1177/1557988315625776 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Brenner, R. E. (2017). Disentangling gratitude: A theoretical and psychometric examination of the Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test- Revised Short (GRAT-RS). Journal of Personality Assessment, 14, 1-10. doi: 10.1080/00223891.2017.1344986 *PDF*

McDermott, R., Levant, R. F., Hammer, J. H., Hall, R., McKelvey, D., & Jones, Z. (2017). Further examination of the factor structure of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Short Form (MRNI-SF): Measurement considerations for women, men of color, and gay men. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 64, 724-738. doi: 10.1037/cou0000225 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Toland, M. D. (2017). Internal structure and reliability of the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale (ISMI-29) and brief versions (ISMI-10, ISMI-9) among Americans with depression. Stigma and Health, 2, 159-174. doi: 10.1037/sah0000049 *PDF*
Note: Learn more about the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale-9 (ISMI-9).

Hammer, J. H., & Vogel, D. V. (2017). Development of the Help-Seeker Stereotype Scale. Stigma and Health, 2, 121-136. doi: 10.1037/sah0000048 *PDF*
Note: Learn more about the Help-Seeker Stereotype Scale (HSSS).

Beck, N. C., Hammer, J. H., Robbins, S., Tubbesing, T., Menditto, A., Pardee, A. (2017). Highly aggressive women in a forensic psychiatric hospital. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 45, 17-24.

Cragun, R. T., Sumerau, J. E., Blyde, V. L., Mann, M., & Hammer, J. H. (2016). Perceived marginalization, educational contexts, and (non)religious educational experience. Journal of College and Character, 17, 242-254. doi: 10.1080/2194587X.2016.1230758 *PDF*

Brewster, M. E., Hammer, J. H., Sawyer, J., Eklund, A., & Palamar, J. (2016). Perceived experiences of atheist discrimination: Instrument development and evaluation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 63, 557-570. doi: 10.1037/cou0000156 *PDF*

Isacco, A., Hammer, J. H., Shen-Miller, D. S. (2016). Outnumbered, but meaningful: The experience of male doctoral students in professional psychology training programs. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 10, 45-53. doi:10.1037/tep0000107 *PDF*

Langston, J., Hammer, J. H., &  Cragun, R. (2015). Atheism looking in: On the goals and strategies of organized nonbelief. Science, Religion, and Culture, 2, 70-85. doi:10.17582/journal.src/2015/ *PDF*

Cragun, R. T., & Hammer, J. H., Harder, B. M., Fernandez, C., & Nielsen, M. (2015). The NonReligious-NonSpiritual Scale (NRNSS): Measuring everyone from Atheists to Zionists. Science, Religion, and Culture, 3, 36-53. doi: 10.17582/journal.src/2015/ *PDF*

Alfred, G. C., Hammer, J. H., & Good, G. (2014). Male student veterans: Hardiness, psychological well-being, and masculine norms.. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15, 95-99. doi: 10.1037/a0031450 *PDF*

Cragun, R., Hammer, J. H., & Smith, J.M. (2014). North America. In S. Bullivant (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Atheism (pp.601-621). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0199644650

Vogel, D. L., Wester, S. R., Hammer, J. H., & Downing-Matibag, T. (2014). Referring men to seek help: The influence of gender role conflict and stigma. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 15, 60-67. doi: 10.1037/a0031761 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Vogel, D. V. (2013). Assessing the utility of the willingness/prototype model in predicting help-seeking decisions.Journal of Counseling Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0030449 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., Vogel, D. V., & Heimerdinger-Edwards, S. (2013). Men’s help seeking: Examination of differences across community size, education, and income. Psychology of Men & Masculinity. doi: 10.1037/a0026813 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., Cragun, R. T., & Hwang, K. (2013). Measuring spiritual fitness: Atheist military personnel, veterans, and civilians. Military Psychology, 25, 438-451. doi: 10.1037/mil0000010 *PDF*

Tucker, J. R., Hammer, J. H., Vogel, D. L., Bitman, R. L., & Wade, N. G. (2013). Disentangling stigmas: Are mental-illness and help-seeking stigmas distinct. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60520-531. doi: 10.1037/a0033555 *PDF*

Vogel, D. L., Bitman, R. L., Hammer, J. H., & Wade, N. G. (2013). Is stigma internalized? The longitudinal impact of public stigma on self-stigma. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 60311-316. doi: 10.1037/a0031889 *PDF*

Vogel, D. L., Armstrong, P. I., Tsai, P-C., Wade, N. G., Hammer, J. H., Efstathiou, G., Holtham, E., Kouvaraki, E., Liao, H-Y., Shechtman, Z., & Topkaya, N. (in press). Cross-cultural validity of the Self-Stigma of Seeking Help (SSOSH) scale: Examination across six nations.Journal of Counseling Psychology. doi: 10.1037/a0032055 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., Cragun, R., Hwang, K., & Smith, J. (2012). Forms, frequency, and correlates of perceived anti-atheist discrimination. Secularism & Nonreligion, 1, 43-67. doi: 10.5334/ *PDF*

Cragun, R., Kosmin, B., Keysar, A., Hammer, J. H., & Nielsen, M. (2012). On the receiving end: Discrimination toward the non-religious. Journal of Contemporary Religion, 27(1), 105-127. doi: 10.1080/13537903.2012.642741 *PDF*

Cragun, R. T., Henry, P., Homan, C. P., & Hammer, J. H. (2012). Whom do people dislike more: Atheists or cultists? Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, 8 , 1-19. *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., Springer, J., Beck, N., Menditto, A., & Coleman, J. (2011). Seclusion and restraint: Relationship with childhood sexual and physical abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(3), 567-579. doi: 10.1177/0886260510363419 *PDF*

Hwang, K., Hammer, J. H., & Cragun, R. (2011). Extending the religion-health research to secular minorities: Issues and concerns. Journal of Religion and Health, 50(3), 608-622. doi: 10.1007/s10943-009-9296-0 *PDF*

Cragun, R. T., & Hammer, J. H. (2011). “One person’s apostate is another person’s convert”: What terminology tells us about pro-religious hegemony in the sociology of religion. Humanity and Society, 35, 159-175. doi: 10.1177/016059761103500107 *PDF*

Vogel, D., Heimerdinger-Edwards, S., Hammer, J. H., & Hubbard, A. (2011). “Boys don’t cry”: Examination of the links between endorsement of masculine norms, self-stigma and help-seeking attitudes for men from diverse backgrounds. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(3), 368-382. doi: 10.1037/a0023688 *PDF*

Heimerdinger-Edwards, S., Vogel, D., & Hammer, J. H. (2011). Extending Sexual Objectification Theory and Research to Minority Populations, Couples, and Men. The Counseling Psychologist, 39(1), 140-152. doi: 10.1177/0011000010383894 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H., & Good, G. (2010). Positive psychology: An empirical examination of beneficial aspects of endorsement of masculine norms. Psychology of Men & Masculinity, 11, 303-318. doi: 10.1037/a0019056 *PDF*

Hammer, J. H. & Vogel, D. L. (2010). Men’s help seeking for depression: The efficacy of a male-sensitive brochure about therapy. The Counseling Psychologist, 38, 296-313. doi: 10.1177/0011000009351937 *PDF* *Note: Download a copy of the male-sensitive brochure developed for this study.  And here’s NIMH’s original RMRD brochure used as a comparison.*

Spanierman, L. B., Neville, H. A., Liao, H., Hammer, J., & Wang, Y. (2008). Participation in formal and informal campus diversity experiences: Effects on students’ racial democratic beliefs. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 1, 108-125. doi: 10.1037/1938-8926.1.2.108

You are welcome to download a copy of my Curriculum Vitae and review my peer-reviewed publications on Google Scholar or ORCID via my Bio page.